January 1 as New Year’s Day was first celebrated in 46 B.C. when the Julian calendar took effect. The traditional Roman calendar, first established in the 7th century B.C. was based on the lunar cycle. Various politicians would add days to extend their own political terms and thus it was frequently corrupted. Julius Caesar, the new Roman dictator, named the new calendar after himself. Instead of the lunar cycle, he followed the solar cycle. So what can we learn about the new year that could enlighten us today?